There are several reasons I like to keep sketchbooks, and many times, I have sketchbooks for different focuses. Here is a list of a few ways I find sketchbooks and sketching useful overall:
To explore ideas and make thoughts tangible
To experiment with various tools and methods
To work on visual/pictorial articulation
To reflect on things/thoughts/feelings
To connect the external with the internal
To disconnect from everyday occurrences
To expand on ideas and create iterations
To discover and learn more overall
In this article, I wanted to share some of my ballpoint pen sketches especially from the pages of a particular sketchbook of mine. With this sketchbook, I chose ballpoint pen because I wanted to challenge myself to keep a sketchbook using a medium that doesn’t lend itself to the kind of mark-making I’m often inclined to use naturally, especially in my paintings. There are several reasons I wanted to do this, but mainly it was about shifting gears from my norm while also using it to create and solve challenges for myself.
Here are a few ways in which I utilized it to do what I thought would be relatively simple challenges that could lead to possible new directions in other work methods.
In terms of materials, I wanted to keep it simple.
Using ballpoint meant basically all I needed was a pen and a sketchbook, it did not require an entirely new or different set-up, and I could take it with me anywhere I went too. Ron had gotten me this really neat sketchbook that was handmade by a friend of ours. The pages are hot press watercolor, and it is not bound, but held together by binder posts, which is great for adding new pages or taking some out, as well as taking apart to scan the pages, and then put back together.
Variation of the marks is not necessarily built into the tool
A ballpoint pen is a tool that doesn’t have many variations built into the tool itself, so it’s up to the user of the tool to create variation. For example, there’s no tilting the point to create a broader stroke or filling in a large space with a bigger surface by using an edge vs. the point. The mark it makes is all in the point, so how you decide to fill in a large space is with lines, dots, crosshatching, or scribbling.
Practicing pressure sensitivity and varying line weight.
This is mostly in the artist’s dexterity, but there are some exceptions such as the difference between a newer and older pen, and the surface it’s being used on/with. I found myself really enjoying building up layers of soft, light marks in order to create a variance in value, edges and atmosphere.
There is no erasing.
Well, mostly.. But definitely not back to the white of the paper, and most times, erasing ballpoint pen either smears the ink or creates a rougher texture on the paper. There are ways to remove ballpoint from paper (depending on the paper), such as scraping an exacto knife across the surface with a very light touch, but this also has a tendency to scuff the paper too. My point, though, is that since there is really not an ideal erasing option, the key is to work without erasing (or to utilize the smear or scuff that you’ve created by attempting to erase). This is good for several things including but not limited to 1) planning ahead, and 2) not planning ahead and rolling with whatever happens.
A test in Patience.
I’d say I treat this as a form of meditation, and I do it with painting, drawing, and all aspects of the things I do in everyday life. In this case, for example, there is a blank page and a dark ink that comes out of a tiny point of a pen. Sometimes, it bleeds or blobs or smears too. Practicing patience when things such as unintended marks are made or areas take time to fill in rolls over into how I approach situations in all other aspects of life. How I react to these things is a pretty accurate reflection of how I am in most situations. Treating it as a form of meditation would be to let that happen, acknowledge what may occur because of it, and find my way back to losing myself in the process of drawing again. The trendy term for this is mindfulness (which has been around since the beginning of time).
Combining ballpoint with other materials
As many of us know by discovering through experience, ballpoint pen tends to bleed through other media such as acrylic or gouache. In my experience, it even bleeds through bleed-proof white. It’s like magic. Haha. It also bleeds into the paint and gives the paint a blue tint. This can be used in your favor, or avoided – depends on how you decide to take it. Also, there are ways to work with the order or hierarchy of layering of materials that can create some really quite magical results. I had some fun with combining ballpoint with acrylic, and different water-based mediums such as soft gel matte, with the intention of letting the pen show through, but creating an atmospheric depth. And I experimented a bit with how ballpoint turns blue when used with acrylic.
Discovery by doodling
I wanted to relax and just doodle without expecting or projecting any outcome but to mainly just discover the various uses of the tool on the surface. I tried scribbles to fill in an area, as well as lines and crosshatching, and a combination of all of the above. I also worked a great deal on practicing my pressure sensitivity for varying values, contrast, and gradations. I used some water media, washes and sometimes just water to see what it would do and how much I could use it to shade in an area. And when the pen would sometimes drop one of those ink blobs into a spot on the page, I’d find that though it redirected a possible intention I had initially, the outcome was an interesting direction I may have never taken if that hadn’t happened.
A few last notes:
I found by experimenting that my favorite ballpoint pen to draw with is a PaperMate FlexGrip Ultra. You can get a really nice light mark with it, and can build up the drawing in a way that’s most similar to graphite (compared to other types of ballpoint pens) with lights, halftones, and darks.
Tip: having a piece of cloth or paper towel handy to wipe the point of the pen on every so often is helpful to deter frequent ink blobs. Also, I find that the pen I mentioned above doesn’t blob as frequently as other pens.
I also really enjoy how ballpoint pen changes color depending on how the light hits it – it can appear blue-black or warm-black and also gets a coppery sheen to it. You can see it a slight bit in some of these images, but the scanner doesn’t pick it up quite as well – it’s best seen in person.
I hope you find this list of challenges, discoveries, and examples of images helpful, whether you work in ballpoint or any other medium. Thanks for checking it out.