For the most part I use oil paint for my finished work. But lately I’ve had a desire to shake things up a bit and have been experimenting with water-based media. I started with small acrylic paintings, which eventually led to completing an assignment in acrylic (which I can’t show yet, but eventually I will). Then I decided to give gouache a go.
The first time I used gouache was during a summer program for high school students at Pratt Institute (where I’d eventually go to college). As part of that program, I took an illustration class, and my professor, Don Albright, suggested I give gouache a try. Throughout the month-long intensive, all of the work I did for Don was done—either fully or in part—using a basic five-color set of gouache (red, yellow, blue, white and black).
In case anyone is reading this and is totally unfamiliar with gouache, I can sum it up by saying that it’s basically opaque watercolor. The more water you add to it, the more like watercolor it becomes. A couple of added features to gouache are that it tends to be a bit cheaper than watercolor due to the fact that it’s a bit easier to manufacture. Also, gouache dries to a consistent matte finish, which is very easy to scan and photograph. The downside of gouache is that, like watercolor, it remains water soluble even after it dries. While that may be helpful for the paint on your palette which can be reactivated with water if it should dry, on the painting it has the potential to be a headache as it’s possible to reactivate the paint in areas you’ve completed if you go over them again.
It’s probably worth noting too, that there is another type of gouache paint called acrylic (or acryla) gouache, which is more of a mashup of gouache and acrylic paint. Application-wise, it’s a lot like normal gouache, but it can dry a bit faster and is no longer water soluble after it dries. Like normal gouache, acrylic gouache also dries to an even, matte finish. While I’ve used these in the past, I’ve never been a huge fan.
Anyway, by the time I reached college, I had become interested in other mediums and a lot of my professors encouraged experimentation with a wide variety to find the ones that best suited us. I tried a lot of different materials, but I eventually landed on a mixed media technique that involved layering all sorts of different things. Despite how fun that process was, the best work I put out there was the assignments I completed in oils, and so in my senior year, I completely transitioned to oils.
That was…twenty-two years ago. And it’s been twenty-six years since I so much as squeezed a blob of gouache out onto my palette.
Anyway, point is that I dipped back into it this year because…well, I’m starting to grow a little tired of oils. It’s not that I want to quit oil painting. It’s more that I feel I need to revisit other mediums and techniques to relearn some old lessons—and maybe learn a few new ones—that maybe I can bring to my professional work in oils.
Or maybe not.
So…why go back to gouache instead of some other medium?
Mostly because of my vague familiarity with it and the ways that it’s similar to oils in the way that it can be opaque or transparent, but I also felt like it could be a fast medium, too. It just felt very immediate. Also, the chemistry is a lot simpler than oil paints which has so many varieties of mediums and varnishes and thinners. I just wanted a cup of water and some paint for a change.
Anyway, I picked up a few watercolor brushes and a few paints. Once again, I bought a primary set (which this time consisted of six paints) made by Winsor & Newton:
Permanent Green Middle
To this I added the following tubes from Holbein:
Why the addition of the other colors? Well, the earth tones are things I use regularly and I just wanted to have them handy since it’s a lot faster than trying to mix them. I added the cyan and magenta because they—along with the yellow from the primary set—are actually more of a primary set than the traditional red, yellow and blue. The green that results get from yellow and cyan is more vibrant than the muddy green that comes from mixing yellow and blue pigment. I find that the oranges that come from magenta and yellow tend to be more vibrant, as well. As an added bonus, these colors also provided me with a cool red and a warmer blue, which allowed for more color experimentation (and hopefully depth).
Why the two different companies? That’s mostly because the colors I wanted to buy were all available in Holbien. Plus, having paint from two different companies allowed me to see how each felt independently, and also how they worked (or didn’t) with one another.
Before I started, I consulted a local gouache artist, Brian Snoddy, for some tips. I’d wanted to meet up with him in person to kind of nail some ground rules down and soak up some of his wisdom, but I ended up committing to diving into the deep end and seeing where that took me.
As do a lot of artists who work in gouache, Brian works on Strathmore 500 series Bristol. The paper is 50% cotton, comes in a variety of plies and can take a beating. In fact, I used to put matte medium on three or four-ply Bristol and paint in oils on top of that (this is how most of my spot illustrations for Dungeons and Dragons were done, and a few early Magic pieces as well). Unfortunately, I didn’t have any Bristol. I’d have gone out and bought some, but Covid hit and stores closed. What I did have on hand, however, was a block of cold pressed watercolor paper. So I used that.
It is extremely rare that I repaint old work. But I chose to do that in this case. Sort of. I did a painting of flaming birds years ago and I decided to take the bottom bird and repaint it in gouache. My primary reasoning was that I didn’t want to have to concern myself too much with the subject matter, preferring to concentrate on getting reacquainted with the gouache itself. Additionally, if I managed to get a half-decent image out of the experiment, I’d have a direct comparison of the birds in two different mediums. I’m not sure what I expected to learn from that, but I thought it might reveal something.
Anyway, I laid the whole thing out very lightly in pencil (the flames were barely an outline) and I went to work.
Time passed. But not a lot of time. I suspected this piece would be fast, and I was right. I burned through it. The time between the image above and the completed piece was…maybe a day? And of course I forgot to document it, which stinks because it changed a bit. So now, I’m forced to do one of those cooking show transitions where I pull the completed dish out of the oven after hurriedly going through the steps on how I made it.
I just happen to have a completed piece here:
There’s a philosophy that an artist can take any medium and make something of it. And maybe that’s true. But familiarity with that medium helps, and despite taking this piece as far as I did, I still don’t feel confident enough with gouache to complete an assignment in it. I feel like I need to spend more time experimenting, and I’ve committed to doing so.
Some things I learned or remembered:
Going into a gouache (or watercolor) painting without a plan is…not always the greatest idea. It’s not undoable, it’s just going to be a lot harder. Because of the nature of the paints and the degree to which they can stain the paper you apply them to, it’s advisable to know where your light values are all going to end up. A lot of watercolor and gouache painters I know work from light to dark throughout the course of a painting. I didn’t quite do that here, but then, I knew exactly where my lightest values were going to be and kept them mapped out throughout. That being said, I was able to introduce the branches in the background relatively late in the game, so there’s still some play there.
Additionally, I mentioned it above but I want to stress that it’s very possible to reactivate the gouache when you go over it again and lift old areas up when trying to rework them. Sometimes that can be an advantage, and might be something you do intentionally. Other times…not so much. While it can be frustrating, I found personally that the key was to take a deep breath, fix it up as best I could and then let it dry. The drying time helped calm my nerves and allowed the paint to set a little bit thus allowing for a bit easier a time fixing my mistake.
Lastly, surface matters. I personally didn’t love the cold press watercolor paper. Throughout most of the piece I felt like I was constantly fighting the texture. By the end, though, I did find ways of using the texture to my advantage. For example, I found that raking paint over paper allowed me to tweak colors a bit. With a light hand, only the highest parts of the paper texture grabbed the paint. As more pressure was applied, the paint was pushed further into the cracks and crevices of the paper for a more thorough coating. Thus, with a little strategic thinking, the texture ended up providing an easy way to create color transitions.
I’m not done with gouache and I think my next step will be to paint something from life or a brand new image using a different surface and see how that feels and where that takes me. Perhaps hot press watercolor paper will be more to my liking. Maybe the Strathmore Bristol that other gouache artists prefer will be even better. I also plan to add a few additional colors to my palette and see experiment a bit with those. As soon as I get a chance to give all that a go (between assignments), I’ll be sure to report back with results.
And, if folks are interested, maybe I can start revisiting other mediums, other ways of working and start throwing those at you fine folks to see what you make of them…and maybe make with them.